Screening and diagnosis
Here are some tools to support the person with autism and his family in the process of finding a diagnosis.
To obtain a diagnosis
You must make an appointment with your pediatrician or family doctor. You will be referred to Child Psychiatry or a Development or Diagnostic Assessment Center, depending on how you do it in your area. The evaluation process is usually done in several meetings and may include several specialists. If you do not have a family doctor, or if the family member is reluctant to take action, you should go to your Integrated Health and Social Services Center (CISSS) or Integrated University Health and Social Services Center. (CIUSSS): Stakeholders will route your request to the appropriate resources. The steps are the same if your child is an adult.
Who can make a diagnosis? Any doctor with an interest or expertise in autism can make a diagnosis. He can work with a multidisciplinary team (this can include audiologist, occupational therapist, neurologist, psychiatrist, etc.), according to the ways of doing your area. A psychologist may make a provisional diagnosis that will eventually be confirmed by a doctor. In theory, the provisional diagnosis gives you access to services while waiting for a doctor's diagnosis.
|STEPS||DIFFICULTIES||SPEAKERS||EXAMS / TESTS||AGES|
|- evaluations of various areas of operation, whose intellectual and communication skills; - an examination of the development of the child; - the point of view of parents and teachers;||Complex; It takes a lot of time to diagnose, especially if you need to do several tests to rule out other medical problems, such as hearing loss, which sometimes results in social and communication abnormalities.||child psychiatrist; neurologist; neuropsychologist; parents; teachers .||No single medical test; but several points of view of various stakeholders||The diagnosis made before the child goes to school, usually between two and three years old|
But in Africa in general, the child goes to school without a medical diagnosis. Parents often inform health professionals that the teacher has questions about developing their child's social, behavioral and communication skills in school. This information can help establish an appropriate medical diagnosis.
NB: the severity of the difficulties will vary considerably from person to person and from person to person over the years. Very often, people with ASD are also diagnosed with additional associated disorders (comorbidity) such as anxiety or a mental disorder.